Toplady, Augustus Montague

(1740-1778)
   Born at Farnham, Surrey, the son of an Army major who died at the siege of Carthagena (1741), he was educated at Westminster School and graduated from Trinity College, Dublin, in 1760. Around 1756 he was converted under the ministry of a follower of John Wesley, changed to extreme Calvinism, was ordained in 1764, and from 1768 until 1775 was curate of Broad Hembury, Devon. For a short time in 1776, he edited the Calvinist Gospel Magazine, founded 1766. He used the magazine to hound Wesley over their differing views of the doctrine of election, and the ensuing war of words brought discredit to the Christian church. In 1775, suffering from tuberculosis, Toplady moved to London to minister in the French Calvinist reformed church on Orange Street, near the Embankment. He died, avowing that he would not retract anything he said about Wesley, and was buried in Tottenham Court Chapel. He was a poet and hymn-writer and his best-known hymn is "Rock of Ages." Some of his other hymns/poems: "Ah! Give Me, Lord, the Single Eye," "Deathless Principle, Arise," "Grace, 'Tis a Charming Sound," "Happiness Found," "The Year of Jubilee."
   Sources: A Sacrifice of Praise: An Anthology of Christian Poetry in English from Caedmon to the Mid-Twentieth Century. James H. Trott, ed. Cumberland House Publishing, 1999. A Treasury of Poems for Worship and Devotion. Charles L. Wallis, ed. Harper, 1959. Augustus Montague Toplady (http://www.btinternet.com/Toplady, Augustus Montaguealan.s.flint/toplady/),. Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Freedom's Lyre: or Psalms, Hymns, and Sacred Songs, for the Slave and His Friends. Edwin F. Hatfield, ed. S.W. Benedict, 1840. The National Portrait Gallery. (www.npg.org.uk). The Best Loved Religious Poems. James Gilchrist Lawson, ed. Fleming H. Revell, 1933. The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The Cyber Hymnal (http://www.cyberhymnal.org/index.htm). The Oxford Book of Christian Verse. Lord David Cecil, ed. Oxford University Press, 1940. The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000. Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia).

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

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  • TOPLADY, AUGUSTUS MONTAGUE —    hymn writer, born at Farnham, Surrey; became vicar of Broad Hembury, Devonshire, in 1768; was an uncompromising Calvinist, and opponent of the Methodists; survives as the author of Rock of Ages, besides which he wrote Poems on Sacred Subjects …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Toplady, Augustus Montague — (1740 1778)    Hymn writer, s. of an officer in the army, was b. at Farnham, ed. at Westminster and Trinity Coll., Dublin, after which he took orders and became incumbent of Broad Hembury. He was a strong Calvinist and entered into a bitter… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Augustus Montague Toplady — Rev. Toplady Augustus Montague Toplady (* 4. November 1740 in Farnham; † 11. August 1778 in London) war ein anglikanischer Geistlicher und Verfasser von Kirchenliedern. Leben Nach seiner Ausbildung an der Westminster School …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Augustus Montague Toplady — (November 4, 1740 ndash; August 11, 1778), was an Anglican clergyman and hymn writer. He was a major Calvinist opponent of John Wesley. Today, he is best remembered as the author of the hymn Rock of Ages . Three of his other hymns A Debtor to… …   Wikipedia

  • Toplady — Rev. Toplady Augustus Montague Toplady (* 4. November 1740 in Farnham; † 11. August 1778 in London) war ein anglikanischer Geistlicher und Verfasser von Kirchenliedern. Leben Nach seiner Ausbildung an der Westminster School und dem …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/To — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Geistliches Lied in US-Amerika — Die Artikel Geistliches Lied in den Vereinigten Staaten und Geistliches Lied im englischen Kulturraum überschneiden sich thematisch. Hilf mit, die Artikel besser voneinander abzugrenzen oder zu vereinigen. Beteilige dich dazu an der Diskussion… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Geistliches Lied in den USA — Die Artikel Geistliches Lied in den Vereinigten Staaten und Geistliches Lied im englischen Kulturraum überschneiden sich thematisch. Hilf mit, die Artikel besser voneinander abzugrenzen oder zu vereinigen. Beteilige dich dazu an der Diskussion… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rock of Ages (Christian hymn) — Infobox Hymn Name = Rock of Ages MusicBy = Thomas Hastings WordsBy = Augustus Montague Toplady Published = 1775 OrigLanguage = English TranslatedBy = TranslatedPub = Meter = TradMelodyName = Toplady Misc = Rock of Ages Rock of Ages, cleft for me …   Wikipedia

  • The Gospel Magazine — is a Calvinist, evangelical magazine from the United Kingdom, and is one of the longest running of such periodicals, having been founded in 1766. Most of the editors have been Anglicans. It is currently published bi monthly.A number of well known …   Wikipedia

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